By Jenny Leigh Hodgins
This article originally appeared in the September/October issue of LivingWell60+ magazine.
If you’ve always wanted to play piano, taking lessons as a senior adult has more benefits than you may think. Beyond the sheer joy of musical experience, there’s a good chunk of science behind the benefits of learning piano as an older adult.
Aging adults who learn to play piano experience enhanced cognitive function, slowed deterioration in the fight against the aging process, stress relief, improved mood, and a boost in self-esteem.
Learning Piano Makes You Smarter
A study by Frontiers in Psychology journal on aging adults reveals that learning a musical instrument enhances the activation of brain regions related to memory, attention, language processing, motor function, and emotion.
Listening to music has been shown to activate these multiple brain regions, but learning to play an instrument further increases these functions. Neuropsychologists found such significant brain function activity enhancement from playing an instrument that the use of music training is under scrutiny for understanding brain plasticity progression.
An institute in Barcelona, Spain found that participants who were assigned piano practice as opposed to others who did sports or painting showed greater neurological and psychological improvement on the scale they were using.
University of South Florida assistant professor of music education, Jennifer Bugos, studied the results between aging adults who did or did not take piano lessons. Bugos discovered that six months of piano instruction for seniors showed impressive enhancements in memory, verbal fluency, information processing speed, planning ability, and other cognitive functions, over those who had not learned piano.
Playing Piano Slows Deterioration
Musical training improves the cognitive reserve in aging adults. Cognitive reserve, the term for how the brain fights against deterioration of function, is improved dramatically in aging adults who take piano lessons. Engaging in activities like reading, writing, or crossword puzzles is known to improve cognitive well-being and reduce risk of dementia development.
But, seniors learning to play piano yield even more extraordinary improvements in multiple brain functions. Additionally, learning piano enhances auditory working memory, which may reinforce the memory capacity that facilitates communication, conversation and the ability to distinguish consonants and vowel sounds. In other words, learning piano fights against hearing loss and strengthens communication skills despite the aging process.
Piano Study Reduces Pain
Older adults learning piano have increased amounts of human growth hormone, which is connected to reducing aches and pains that come with age. Higher human growth hormone levels slow the progression of osteoporosis, and increase energy, sexual function and muscle mass.
Learning Piano Boosts Creative Thinking
Learning piano is a complex activity, requiring the ability to read as you play. This multi-tasking trains eye-hand coordination and develops independent hand coordination. This stimulates multiple brain sections, improves reaction and productivity while strengthening neural pathways between the left and right brain hemispheres. Playing piano uses a creative technique called divergent thinking, that forces the use of both sides of the brain. By exercising this technique regularly, players become better at creative thinking, improving the ability to problem solve.
Learning Piano Makes You Happier And Healthier
Those who play the piano regularly improve their mental state. Experiencing the victory of learning to play a piece of music encourages self-confidence. Engaging in music affects mood, and provides stress relief. Playing piano is a kind of ultrasound therapy, sending sound vibrations to the player’s body that improve circulation, and relax muscles. Playing music soothes and stimulates primary senses of touch and sight, causing the brain to release beta endorphins and dopamine, which leads to decreased anxiety, depression and loneliness. These aspects of mood affect overall wellness by stimulating the immune system to improve players’ health.
The advantages of taking piano lessons as an older adult go beyond simple enjoyment. The health benefits and effect on cognitive abilities are a greater incentive. There are private piano instructors who offer group lessons as well as in-home instruction. See How To Find A Good Piano Teacher and What Keyboard Do I Need For Piano Lessons? for more information.
Piano Method Books I recommend:
For the Adult
For the Older Beginner
For Young Children
For Very Young Children
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Source: NAMM Foundation
Source: Music and Health
Source: Science Nutshell:
Source: The Guardian
Source: Linde Blad Piano
7/18/2019 08:49:00 pm
I'm glad that you mention how learning musical instruments can enhance brain regions related to memory, attention, language processing, motor function, and emotion. It's also nice that you mention how this helps slow deterioration of cognitive reserve in aging adults. In order to get the most benefits, it would probably be a good idea to find a local instructor that offers private piano lessons so you can schedule regular classes to get the most enhancement and improvement.
7/19/2019 09:46:29 pm
Oh, absolutely, Erika! Thank you!
8/3/2021 12:44:26 pm
I like that you mentioned that playing the piano can help improve your mental state and overall mood. I have been having a hard time with the pandemic and all and have been looking for a way to help with that. I think I could try taking online piano lessons or something like that.
8/3/2021 06:52:29 pm
3/30/2022 04:49:50 pm
I loved how you said that it can help with hand-eye coordination. My husband and I have been thinking about signing our daughter up for music lessons in a couple of weeks, and we were wondering what type of instrument would be best to choose. I appreciate you helping me learn more about the benefits of playing the piano.
3/30/2022 07:12:36 pm
You are welcome, Kate! How wonderful for your daughter! Here’s an article that may help with your piano keyboard decision:
10/7/2022 03:34:54 pm
I never knew that learning piano could boost creative thinking. My sister wants to get her kids into extracurriculars so they can develop their brains. After this sport, she's been thinking about having them try an instrument. We'll have to find someone that does online classes because she and her family move around quite often.
3/29/2023 06:50:39 am
The introduction of a piano-based learning intervention for aging adults has been shown to have a positive effect on cognitive development and physical health. I liked when you said that older adults learning piano have increased amounts of human growth hormone, which is connected to reducing aches and pains that come with age. I appreciate your efforts to write about the benefits of learning piano for aging adults.
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In my PIANO blogs, you'll find ways to overcome boredom, get past musical and mental blocks, explore the creative process with piano, and improve musical progress through piano teacher recommended best practices and effective piano practice tips.